Hair Restoration And Hair Transplantation For Baldness
There are many causes for hair loss, decreased volume, dandruff, increased hair fall in men and women. However, in the overwhelming majority of males with thinning hair, hair fall and hair loss, the cause is Hereditary androgenetic alopecia, more commonly known as “Male pattern baldness. Similarly, most females presenting with dandruff, thinning of hair, loss of volume, hair loss have Hereditary Female pattern hair loss. Baldness becomes noticeable when 50% of the hair is lost.
Most adults loose approximately 75–125 hairs from their scalps every day due to the natural process whereby some hairs go into a dormant state (telogen), and others come out of this state and begin to sprout a new hair (anagen). As long as the process remains balanced, the number of hairs on the scalp remains constant.
One other minor factor in hair loss, thinning of hair is stress, which is thought to accelerate already genetically programmed hair loss.
The tendency for male and female pattern hair loss is genetically inherited from either side of the family, and begins to develop after puberty.
Hair on the scalp that is genetically susceptible to androgenetic alopecia (generally the front and top of the scalp), starts to shrink in its shaft diameter and potential length during each 3 to 5 year “life cycle, ” until it eventually disappears.
Just two products have been approved by U.S. FDA for halting hair loss and stimulating hair regrowth
Minoxidil is for external application on the scalp and stimulates hair growth in adult men and women.Minoxidil (2% & 5%) is used in the dosage of 1ml, twice a day. For proper benefits, it has to be used regularly. Results are better when used over specific areas of hair loss.
Finesteride is an oral medication and used in a dosage of 1 mg per day. Finesteride is not approved for use in females. Prolonged use of the medicine gives better results and it may be combined with minoxidil and surgical hair restoration for optimum benefits.
Hair at the back and sides of the scalp continue to grow throughout the life a person. These hairs are resistant to the hormonal influence. When the hair is transplanted to the bald area, it continues to grow naturally, and can be washed trimmed and styled as one wants to.
The donor area will permit harvesting of 4, 000-5, 000 or more grafts in most people, planned in one or multiple sessions. Future sessions of hair transplant may be needed, as the person ages and balding progresses.
Though the actual pattern of hair loss is difficult to predict, it is important to remember that further hair loss is likely.
CANDIDATES FOR SURGERY
Men with male pattern baldness.
Women with female pattern hair loss.
People who want to restore or thicken moustache, beard, eyebrows and eyelashes.
People who want to restore or advance their hairline.
People with hair loss due to burn scars, injuries or skin diseases
HAIR TRANPLANTATION SURGERY
Hair transplant is considered to be ‘minor out-patient surgery’, can take 4–8 hours and is usually performed using local anaesthesia on an out-patient basis, occasionally with some supplemental oral or IV medication. Patients are awake as usually no sedation is used. Breaks are allowed during the surgery, for refreshments and visit to the rest room. At the end of the procedure, the donor site will have a small dressing and the transplanted area has no dressing.
FOLLICULAR UNIT EXTRACTION (FUE)
In FUE method, the follicular units are extracted one by one, using micro-punches of 0.8 and 1.0 mm diameter. There is no requirement for stitches as the donor area heals in a few days. FUE method is useful for people who want to keep the hair at the back very short (Buzz cut), as there is no visible linear scar. Other benefits include the ability to resume strenuous activities almost immediately after the procedure and its use in corrective procedures.
In cases where large sessions are planned, the entire donor area needs to be shaved leading to a significant short term cosmetic problem for many people.
FACIAL HAIR/BODY HAIR TRANSPLANT
In this hair transplant method, hair roots from beard, chest, back and limbs can be extracted( similar to FUE ) and transplanted on the scalp. It is particularly useful for people with limited donor hair over the scalp. The yield and re-growth after the procedure is much less( except beard) than the hair taken from the scalp.
Do not wear a T shirt/Sweat shirt/Pullover for a few days.
Go home on the same day with a small dressing in the donor area and a cap.
Application of ice over forehead and massage with fingers to reduce swelling
Avoid lying in face down position for 2-3 days
Shampooing gently after 48 hours
Wear a loose cap to cover the grafts from dust and sunlight
Dry scabs will shed by 10-14 days
New hair growth starts at 10-12 weeks
Transplanted hair continues to grow at about 1 cm every month
Final result may take 10-12 months.
Advantages of hair transplantation surgery at Sumukha Clinics are
No pain post healing
Easy recovery post FUE
High survival rate of transplanted hair
Body hair from other areas like beard, thigh, abdomen are also harvested when donor scalp area hair density is low
Best value for your hard-earned money